Ayurvedic Treatment

Patrapinda Sveda

Definition

Application of the heat and there by inducing perspiration by using heated pack of specific herbal leave is known as Patrapinda sveda. The procedure any part of the shashika shali panda sveda. Following the abhyanga procedure any part of the body may be subjected to svedana procedure by the method of Patrapinda sveda. As the oil is applied before the svedana procedure this belongs to the category of snigdha sveda.

Benefits of Patrapinda sveda

The abhyanga carried out before the svedana by virtue of its unctuous quality likely to correct the imbalances of vata doshes. In addition to this, the sudation Procedure helps in rectifying the morbid kapha dosha as well. Therefore the patrapinda sveda is very much efficacious in such clinical conditions where vitiation of vata dosha is the predominant like, sandhigata vata or arthritis. More to say:

  • Beneficial in the vitiation of vata dosha.
  • Alleviates the pain and swelling.
  • Cures arthritis.
  • Effective in disorders due to degeneration of bone.
  • Effectively relieves pain in tendenitis.
  • Beneficial in the treatment of muscle sprain as well as strain.
  • Cures low back ache due to variant causes.
  • Pain and swelling of sinoveitis remits when treated with patrapinda sveda.
  • Effective in the treatment of peripheral neuritis.

Requirements

  • 500 grams of fresh leaves each of nirgundi and dhatura
  • 18 inches square cotton, 2 in number.
  • Approximately 5 feet long cotton threads, 2 in number.
  • Vessel having round bottom for frying herbal leaves.
  • Medicated oil for abhyanga.

Preparation of the leaves pack

The herbal leaves are cut into small pieces and then is taken in a vessel of round bottom. About 200 ml of oil is added to this. With continuous stirring the leaves are then fried to make it plant. This fried leaves is used for the preparation of packs. The cotton cloth is spread on the working table. About 250 grams of fried leaves are placed on the cloth. The free corners of the cloth are approximated to cover the leaves. The free ends of the cloth are folded in the middle. And then is tried with a cotton thread to make a rounded pack with handle. In this way two packs are prepared.

Heating the packs

In a vessel of round bottom 200 ml of oil is taken and is heated. The packs of the herbal leaves are placed on the oil. The packs should be continuously moved stirring the oil. If the herbal pack is not moved. There is every possibility that the portion of the herbal pack in touch with the heated vessel gets burnt. When the pack is properly heated it is taken out of the vessel, any oil flowing from the pack is moped to the edge of the vessel. Now the packs are ready for use in sudation procedure.

Preparation of the client

No specific preparation of the client is needed. And this procedure may be performed at any time of the day depending upon the requirement.

Position of the client

This is the unique procedure for applying heat to a portion of the body and is not usually preferred if the whole body has to be subjected to svedana procedure. For the same reason depending upon the comfort of the client, svedana may be performed in the sitting position or lying down position. Positioning of the client should be made in such a way that, the client should feel comfortable in this position, and the therapist should be able to easily approach the area of svedana treatment. In the present example, knee joint is selected, and can be best performed in the supine position of the client with the head rested upon a pillow and the hands placed on the side of the body. Knee is exposed. Therapist sanding beside the table performs the procedure.

Application of oil and massage

Medicated oil is smeared on the knee joint. Then the therapist massages the knee joint by moving his palms in circular fashion. Heat is applied to the joints by using this heated herbal packs. To begin with the therapist should confirm the heat in the pack by touching the pack on the dorsum of his hand. Then the heat is applied to the client’s body for svedana. For this purpose herbal packs may be momentarily touched on the joint, or it may be moved on the joint, or even it may be placed over or beneath the joint.

Momentarily touching the pack

When the heat in the pack is more, therapist standing besides the client repeatedly but momentarily touches the client's body part to be subjected to the svedana. When the heat in the sand pack is more it cannot be placed or moved over the body part as it causes burns. Therefore initially the heat is applied by momentarily touching the body. This method is continued till the heat in the pack is lost considerably.

Moving the sand pack over the joint

By the procedure of momentary touch the heat in the pack is reduced considerably, and is moderate; therapist now gently moves the herbal pack over the body part of the client to be subjected to svedana procedure. While doing so therapist should move the herbal packs in linear fashion on the extremities from above downwards and in the trunk once again in linear fashion but from below upwards. In the joints the herbal pack is moved in circular fashion. Also by this procedure the herbal pack further cools down.

Placing the sand pack over or beneath the joint

By the earlier said maneuvers when the heat in the herbal pack is minimum, therapist should place the pack on above and beneath the body part to be treated. This is placed till the herbal pack looses its temperature completely or the temperature in the pack equalizes with that of the body nn. Sudation is then continued by taking another pack of herbal leaves which is kept in the vessel for heating in the similar manner. In this way sudation is continued for about an hour. This completes the procedure of patrapinda sveda.

Observation of the client

The therapist should closely observe the client for the symptoms indicative of proper effect of svedana. If the client develops any symptoms indicative of deficient svedana or excessive svedana it should be treated accordingly.

After the procedure

Client is asked to take rest for few minutes, and the part treated with patrapinda sveda is washed with warm water. For removing the oil, one can use the Bengal gram flour instead of toilet soap.

Precautions

There is risk of causing burns during the procedure; therefore every care should be taken to prevent overheating. The therapist should confirm the temperature in the sand pack by touching the same to his body at every step.

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