Leucorrhea

  • Leucorrhea is a white, greenish or a slightly yellow discharge from the vagina. Almost all women experience vaginal discharge, which is white and odourless, and this is a natural function of the body to maintain a healthy vagina and flush out harmful micro-organisms. But if there is any infection, the discharge changes colour.
  • It is normal to experience vaginal discharge few days before menarche (before a woman starts on her periods for the first time), just before periods and during a sexual fantasy or sexual stimulation
  • Some amount of discharge is normal and essential for vaginal lubrication. However, the amount of discharge may increase due to vaginal infections and may come and go from time to time.

Causes

There are many causes of Leucorrhea, most of which are mentioned below:

  • Unprotected sexual contact
  • Lack of nutrients
  • Poor hygiene
  • Injuries to the cervix or any of the tissues in the reproductive system during pregnancy
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Sexually transmitted diseases, which involve the transmission of virusesor bacteria and include diseases such as Gonorrhea and Chlamydia, are major causes of Leukorrhea.
  • Other infections due to the presence of Bacteria or Fungi
  • Irritation due to contraceptives that are inserted into the vagina
  • Irritation due to external contraceptive used by either partners
  • Diabetes or anemia
  • Hormonal irregularities
  • Errors in diet, excessive use of stimulants, e.g., tea, coffee, alcohol and smoking

Symptoms

  • Intense itching of the vulva;
  • Soreness of the vulva;
  • Unusual vaginal discharge;
  • Fish-like smelly discharge;
  • Yellowish or thick curd-like discharge;
  • Vaginal bleeding in between two menstrual cycles;
  • Severe pain or menstrual-like cramps in the lower part of the abdomen;
  • Pain during or after sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding during or after sexual intercourse
  • Pain while passing urine;
  • Vaginitis;
  • Skin lesions around the vagina;
  • Vulvae edema (swelling of the vagina); and
  • Lower back pain.

Ayurvedic Perspective

  • In Ayurveda, Leucorrhoea is known as ShvetaPradar, where Shveta means ‘white’, and Pradar means ‘discharge.
  • The principle of Ayurvedic treatment of Sweta Pradara is mostly based on its etiopathogenesis. As Kapha is main causative factor for vaginal discharge. Restoration of Agni(digestive fire) in order to cleanse the accumulated toxins and bring kapha dosha back towards equilibrium and tone up the muscles of reproductive organs with the help of rejuvenating     herbs are considered main principle of treatment through Ayurveda.

Medical Formulations

  • Paste or powder of Amalaki or seed of Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) should be taken with honey and sugar
  • Paste of Lodhra(Symplocos    )  should  be  taken  with  decoction  of stem  bark  of Nyagrodh
  • Use of  decoction  of  drugs  of Nyagrodha group  is  beneficial  due  to  its  astringent property
  • Use of Nagakeshar(Mesua )  with Takra(buttermilk) followed by diet of only cooked rice and Takra
  • Use of combination of Praval(Coral) Bhasma, Trivang  bhasma with rice  water relieves the leuorrhoea
  • Pushyanuga churna should  be  used  with Tandulodaka mixed Madhu
  • Pradarantak lauha, Pradarantak rasa, Pradararipu rasa, Pradarari rasa, Pradarari lauha, Shitakalyanaka  ghrita
  • Lakshmanarishta, Ashokarishta, Patrangasavaand Lodhrasawa
  • Ashoka ghrita, Nyagrodhadi ghrita, Vishwavallabha ghrita and Priyangwadi taila
  • Kukkutandatwak bhasma 250mg with Madhu(honey) twice in a day

Diet & Lifestyle Advice –

  1. Avoid heavy, oily, fried, spicy, and sour foods
  2. Tea, coffee, alcohol, aerated drinks, and non-vegetarian food should also be avoided.
  3. Increase intake of fruits, vegetables, and salads
  4. Increase liquids in the diet, such as water, soup, milk, and juice. These help to flush out the toxins
  5. Maintain proper hygiene
  6. Patients should wear condoms during sexual intercourse with new partners
  7. Keep vaginal area clean and dry to prevent fungal infection.
  8. Wear cotton undergarments.
  9. Wipe from front to back after urination or bowel movement.
  10. Avoid using deodorant pads or tampons.
  11. Don’t use petroleum jelly or other oils for lubricants.
  12. Don’t douche.
  13. Use medication as long as directed.
  14. Avoid sexual intercourse until treatment is completed and you are symptom free.
  15. Don’t scratch infected or inflamed areas; it can cause further irritation.
  16. During an   infection,   use   pads   rather than tampons if menstruation occurs.

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