Yoga is not only an exercise but a form of spiritual practice to improve you physical, mental and spiritual well being. It doesn't only refer to twisting and curling your body into different shapes and poses, but it also involves some specific mudras posed during meditations. Mudras mean gestures adopted during pranayams and meditations that directs flow of energy into our body. Yogic tantras say that these mudra yoga techniques stimulate different areas of the brain.
There are many different yoga mudras & each of them have a different benefits :
This is the first yoga mudra pose known as Gyan Mudra or the Mudra of Knowledge.
Practice this mudra when doing meditations. It's perfect when you do it early in the mornings with a fresh mind. Touch the tip of your index finger with the tip of your thumb. The other three fingers, you may keep it straight or just keep it free, doesn't matter even if they are slightly bent. This is a very commonly used mudra when practicing meditations.
This is a very beneficial mudra and anyone can practice this.
This mudra can be practiced in a standing, sitting or lying down posture. It's easy to do. Fold your index finger. As you fold your fingers you can see two bones. These are called phalanx bones. When you have folded your index finger the second bone that you see, you have to press it with the base of your thumb just as shown in the above picture. The rest of the three fingers should be kept extended as much as possible.
Once you achieve the benefits from this mudra, stop doing it. After a certain time, it may cause imbalance within your system.
As the name suggests vaayu mudra, it balances the air element within your body. This mudra releases excess wind from stomach and body thereby reducing rheumatic and chest pain.
Fold your ring finger and press the second phalanx with the base of your thumb. Keep the rest of the fingers straight. This mudra should be practiced only in sitting position early in the morning with an empty stomach. Maintain this mudra for atleast 15 minutes every day.
But if you are suffering from acidity or indigestion, avoid this mudra.
Touch the tip of your ring finger with the tip of your thumb. Pressing the tips of these two fingers, keep the rest of the fingers extended out. It is preferable that you perform this mudra in the morning. However you may even do it at any time of the day and for any duration. Sit in a padmasana keeping the palms of both your hands on your knees with straight elbows. Perform this asana when you feel stressed out and exhausted. Padmasana accompanied by this mudra will immediately perk you up.
Nothing at all. Perform this asana freely.